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This Past Month in Book History/Rare Book Open House

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on December 8th, 2013

I apologize for not posting earlier, this past month has been very hectic for me. There was also a lot going on in terms book history and bibliography in the Worcester and Boston area in November. Also you all should check out the upcoming Rare Book Open House in  the Rare Book Room in Clark’s Archives and Special Collections, hosted by Professor Neuman, Fordyce, and all of the students in ENG 227 Intro to Archival Research this Monday from 3-6 pm.   Early in November my Dad and I ended up going to a lecture at the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, on Nicholas Basbanes’ new book On Paper. I found the lecture to be extremely fascinating, Basbanes talked about how he traveled to China and Japan with other scholars to learn about the ancient craft of paper-making. In Japan there still exist national master paper-craftsmen who received the title from previous generations. Basbanes also talked about the different functions of paper, ranging from  [ More ...]

Edition Bindings

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on November 2nd, 2013

This week in class we went over edition bindings, and looked at some example books with these type of bindings. Edition binding came about around the mid-18th century, and is when an entire edition of a book has all of the same binding, which is how commercial book binding is still mostly done today. We then went on to look at many books that have edition bindings, and tried to identify in pairs the different materials and styles for each of the books. Professor Neuman talked about how embossed leather tends to be made out of a very cheap type of leather, and books bounded this way tend to have many different textures on the binding because of the embossing. We also talked about how leather books in the machine press period are harder to identify; however leather tends to get pretty worn at the spine, corners, and edges of the book, which can be used to identify the binding as leather. Professor Neuman discussed how embossing replaces tooling, and uses wood-blocks that  [ More ...]

Paper During the Machine Press Period

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on October 26th, 2013

  In this week’s class we discussed the machine press period (1800-1950) of printing and book-production, and how there are great increases in paper production during this time, along with the changes in book production that arise in this period. We first talked about paper, and how there is an increase in the amount and availability of paper during this time, because of advance made in paper making, and how this subsequently led to advancements being made in book production. Professor Neuman talked about how the increases in the amount of the paper available made books cheaper to produce, assisted in the speeding up of production, and allowed for more risks to be taken. Also, we talked about how the increases in paper production impacted the role of the stationer, who was the person that people went to acquire their paper when they wanted something printed during the hand-press period. During the machine press period, the stationer is still used by small presses  [ More ...]

My time with LEEP and the ARC (and HFH!)

   From Sean Paul Fitzgerald on October 19th, 2013

The last month or so, for me, has been busy in a way that I’ve never known. Things were also made more difficult with some personal motivational challenges that I encountered and am still hoping to learn to manage appropriately as soon as possible. I’m happy to say, though, that with the help of the Red Cross team, I was able to finish my LEEP project by our deadline of September 30th. How did it turn out? Well in my last week we had gotten another round of feedback from the office regarding our project. There were some minor tweaks, but with an absence of any serious concerns we got the feeling that the project was ready for a “test-run”. Excitingly enough, our first official pitch would be that Friday with Nationwide Insurance—a company whose executives I was fortunate enough to meet in person and tour with throughout our chapter building earlier. Our matrix had been finalized, along with the sales decks and their very own spot on the “H-Drive”  [ More ...]

Intro to the ESTC

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on October 19th, 2013

In our class last week before October break, we discussed the mid-term lab, the English Short Title Catalog (ESTC), and discussed our ideas for our final research projects. For most of the first half of class, we looked at the book Contemplations and Meditations, by James Hervey printed in 1764, which was on our mid-term lab. This particular book was actually purchased at the Friends of Goddard Library’s Annual Book Sale by Fordyce, after Bob Bradbury, who helps run the sale, pointed out its age, and his suspicions about it possibly being a counterfeit or pirated edition. We talked about how the book is gathered in sixes, however the I gathering is gathered in eights, and leaf Y2 is signed as X2. Then we looked up the book on the ESTC’s database through the British Library, and found several copies of the book from 1764, however they were all listed as being formatted in octavo. This is very interesting, considering the fact that the copy of the book that  [ More ...]

Collation Formula and Book-Binding Part II

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on October 4th, 2013

Last week was a pretty hectic week, since it was the annual Friends of  the Robert H. Goddard Library Book Sale. I had to help set up the book sale for my work-study job. I found some really awesome books to add to my collection, including a two volume directory of the Union Volunteers for Massachusetts for the Civil War, a German newspaper with a very simple binding, and The Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual songs of Reverend Isaac Watts from 1839. I was also was able to meet Bob Bradbury who used to teach a course at Clark, and has written about Clark’s miniature book collection in the Archives. He was really excited when I told him that I started selling antique books this summer to decorators, and have a great passion for book collecting. This week in class, we ended up presenting the collation formulas we worked on last week, and looked at the bindings of a plethora of off-white books. Also, just to clarify last week’s post, the book Andy Doig and I collated  [ More ...]


   From Nicholas Cotoulas on September 23rd, 2013

Today in ENG 227 we focused mostly on looking at different type of book-bindings and collation formula. We started out class by talking about last week’s lab, in which we had to transcribe old hand-written documents written in cursive. Despite the lab’s tediousness I found it to be quite rewarding and gratifying at times. I had to do a similar assignment for HIST 120 Writing History with Professor Greenwood, in which we had to transcribe a letter written by an ex-slave Union soldier named Isaiah Allen. What I found to be extremely fascinating was that I found some similarities in the hand-writing style of Princess Elizabeth of England in her letter to her sister Queen Mary I from 1554, which I transcribed for the lab,  and that of Mr. Isaiah Allen. I would be curious to see if any scholars have done studies on hand-writing from different decades and centuries and have compared trends that have reoccurred in hand-writing styles in which the researchers have  [ More ...]

1611 King James Bible

   From Nicholas Cotoulas on September 17th, 2013

In this week’s class for ENG 227 Intro to Archival Research, we mostly discussed the importance of determining the format of a book and last week’s lab. The format of book refers to the number of times the original sheet of paper is folder it has been printed, and determines the numbers of pages per gathering. Professor Neuman said that determining the format of a book is important, because it allows us to think of a book as material object printed during a specific time. Also, Professor Neuman said that format matters because; it “is an element of a book that is part of a disambiguated identifier of book.” So basically format is important because it allows archivists and descriptive bibliographers to describe and identify physical elements and information about a particular book. We went on to discuss that it is important to identify books in this manner, because it provides book collectors and dealers with the knowledge they need to know in order to place  [ More ...]

~Going into the School Year~

   From Sean Paul Fitzgerald on September 14th, 2013

So most LEEP projects by now have ended or at least are in the process of ending. My time with the Red Cross though, will go until September 30th (tentatively). Unfortunately, I couldn’t meet my goals according to the timeline I had set so we agreed to work into the school year. I wouldn’t say I’m surprised this happened because of how late I started, but I’m a little distressed still. That’s not to say though that I haven’t made any progress. In fact, going in only one day a week has forced me to focus completely on our project for those few hours on Wednesday and we’ve been able to hash out a much more refined benefits matrix along with a rough sales deck (presentation) for some of our board members and other trusted corporate partners to review. Awaiting some feedback, the next step is to finalize the materials and share it with our other colleagues in the office. After also reporting to NHQ and sharing out work with other ARC  [ More ...]

ARC Golf Tournament (one of them)

   From Sean Paul Fitzgerald on September 12th, 2013

  These are some of the pictures I promised.   Held at The International, we as interns and Red Cross staff were lucky enough explore one of New England’s premiere golf courses. Heralded as one of the US’ 50 Toughest Gold Courses, the ARC had to raise a hefty amount to reserve it for the day. In the end, however, the work and investment seemed to be worth the trouble. And there was some trouble. As with any event, we came across some obstacles like the absence of promised funding/donations, late arrivals, and of course, the weather. Late in the afternoon, the beautiful sunny day turned into something unexpected—before I knew it, the roof of my golf cart wasn’t doing much good with the rain coming in at my from the sides. The inclement weather led to a slight delay in game but fortunately we were able to push through it all. It was a long day and I know an even longer one for those who needed to stay after to clean up (thank to those specific  [ More ...]

LEEP Pioneers Authors

Sara Baker-Flynn '14

Sara Bker-Flynn

Major: Psychology and Education

LEEP Project: The Barred Owl Retreat-Chicken/Egg Production

Description: I will be working with the Barred Owl Retreat to raise chickens, learn about egg production and how it contributes to being a more sustainable local consumer.

Joanne Barrett '14

Joanne Barrett

Major: Studio Art and Art History

LEEP Project: “Artist in Residence” at the Barred Owl Retreat

I will be making some sculptures for the Barred Owl Retreat in Leicester, MA, a writing retreat center in the woods. I will also be organizing an exhibition of my own work and the work of local artists at the end of the summer.

Sam Bishop '14

Sam Bishop

Major: Psychology

Description:I am a junior here at Clark majoring in psychology and philosophy, in the hopes of one day becoming a child psychologist. I believe in the healing powers of creativity, nature, and uninhibited expression and these trajectories have largely led me to being a part of planning the upcoming event on April 5th: REVERB. I have learned a lot about creativity in psychology and daily life throughout my time working in the classroom on my capstone seminar: Creativity, Collaboration and Human Development, from which REVERB was created. I am looking forward to sharing what I have learned in this class, updates on how the event is progressing, and our plans for REVERB’s future.

LEEP Course: Creativity, Collaboration, and Human Development

Professor: Seana Moran, Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology

Course Description: Creativity is central to what makes us human. This capstone seminar explores what creativity is, its collaborative nature, and what role it plays in individual, societal and cultural development over time. We will use a Vygotskian and dynamic systems perspective to contextualize the ways creativity has been studied and to explore how creativity stimulates the purposeful generation of ideas and products in the arts, sciences, technology, business, and social institutions. We will examine theory and research as well as case studies to discuss the individual and collaborative experiences, opportunities, challenges, contexts, and effects of creativity.

Kulani Panapitiya Dias '13

Major: Psychology and English

LEEP Project: Justifying Atrocities: Moral Disengagement, In-Group Glorification & Essentialism in Post-War Sri Lanka.

Description: I am currently conducting research into moral disengagement, in-group glorification and essentialism in post-war Sri Lanka for my double-honors thesis in Psychology & English. I interview and survey Sinhalese and Tamil individuals in this post-war setting and am interested in investigating the means by which ethnic/racial groups such as these justify the moral transgressions that their in-group may commit in times of conflict.

Andrew Doig '14

Andrew Doig

Major: English

LEEP Project: “WaterFire Videography and Media Internship”

Description: Working directly with the Associate Media Producer, this intership will involve assisting in video production, post-production and marketing projects for the 2013 WaterFire season. Projects and tasks might include capturing significant occurrences during WaterFire lightings, assisting in various marketing projects utilizing video captured during the season, editing and post-production work on material for both internal and external sources, working with and organizing the WaterFire Media Library, and assisting in the program and project development. Check out the WaterFire Intern blog

Sean Paul Fitzgerald '14

Sean-Ppaul Fitzgerald

Major: Spanish and Management

LEEP Project: Communications and Development Internship with the American Red Cross

Description: I will focus on stewarding, researching and renewing corporate donors who have given episodic-related donations to the Red Cross. I also will help to find ways to creatively engage corporate employees in Red Cross projects such as community resiliency.

Kira Foley '14

Kira Foley

Major: Psychology and Ethics and Public Policy concentration

LEEP Project: Chicken/Egg Production Internship

Description: I will be spending time both on site at the Barred Owl Retreat and off site, helping rear chicks, making and managing portable pens. Will also include research on sustainable egg production and a final presentation for the Clark community providing findings on a better understanding of our food system, implications for sustainability practices here and around the globe.

Lauren Koppel '14

Lauren Koppel

Major: Psychology and Biology

LEEP Project: Annelid Neurobiology Research Lab

Description: Utilizing fluorescent labeling in combination with live imaging technology, I will be observing the development of the central nervous system in embryos of the annelid Capitella teleta with the aim of answering the question: Do annelids have neural stem cells?

Rachael Martin '13

Rachael Martin

Major: Biology

Description: I am an undergraduate biology major at Clark University (Class of 2013). Currently I am beginning research for my 5th year Master’s project, characterizing basidiomycete endophytes of Rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis). During the winter of 2010 I worked on genome annotation of white rot Agaricomycetes as part of a group of undergraduates under the direction of Dimitris Floudas. This experience lead to other research opportunities in the Hibbett lab, including maintaining cultures for a bioremediation experiment, and learning molecular techniques by generating Boletaceae sequences with Mitchell Nuhn from the Chromapes group and Boletellus.

LEEP Course: Tree Thinking

Professor: David Hibbett, Warren Litsky ”45 Endowed Chair; Professor, Department of Biology

Course Description: This course is designed for students who are interested in either molecular or evolutionary biology. Topics to be discussed include evolution of genes and genomes, methods used to estimate evolutionary relationships using molecular data, and applications of molecular data to general problems in biology. The course will include lectures, student-led discussions, laboratory projects using computer-based applications and presentations of these projects.

Gus Meissner '14

Gus Meissner

Major: Management

LEEP Project: Thrift Store Community Liaison

Description: My job is to promote the Clark Community Thrift Store within the main south community while building connections with local organizations.

Brenna Merrill '14

Brenna Merrill_am

Major: Political Science Major, and Urban Development and Social Change Concentration,

LEEP Project: Girls Inc Intern: A LEEP Project & Lois and Robert Green Internship Initiative

Description: I am working with a team of staff, volunteers, and interns in creating empowerment programs for girls throughout Worcester county. This involves aiding in summer camp activities, planning marketing initiatives, and undertaking steps for fund development.

Samuel Mix '14

Sam Mix

Major: Environmental Science and Policy

LEEP Project: Adding Strategic Value for Clark’s Hadwen Arboretum

Description: Hadwen Arboretum is a Clark resource with great potential. Benign neglect over the years has damaged the it’s condition. As a member of HASTREES, Clark’s student group that “speaks for the trees”, I know Clark can do better in maintaining the Arboretum if it’s value to Clark and the community is better appreciated. For this project I intend to research the history of Clark’s Hadwen Arboretum and Obidiah Hadwen, research best practices for institutional green spaces, identify and campus and community stakeholders, understand perceptions of value (including cost scenarios) and use what I have learned to write up a strategic plan to build value for the arboretum.

Rebecca Raphaelson '14

Rebecca Raphaelson

Major: Management

LEEP Project: The Veterans Project/ Back to School Safety Initiative (B2SSI)

Description: I will be creating and implementing a plan that aids in troop transitions, increases campus security and creates jobs all using resources we already have.

Rehan Rasool '15


Major: Math and Computer Science

LEEP Project: Research and Develop a Software for Department Course Planning

Description: Planning a semester course schedule at a university is a very complex process because of the many variables and dependencies. At present, departments have limited tools to help them through this process and most of the work is done manually.

I will develop a software that assists the departments in mapping out the required courses for a term, based on the data of the previous semesters, which will be available for them to look at through the software filters. There will be additional features that will help the departments in avoiding course clashes and other scheduling issues.

Hannah Reich '15

Hannah Reich_small

Major: Environmental Science

LEEP Project: Monitoring and Restoration of Stream-Riparian Systems in Massachusetts

Description: My research will focus on the globally endangered freshwater pearl mussel in streams in north central Massachusetts, macroinvertebrate diversity and stream health in the Otter River system, and riparian zone restoration on the lower Housatonic River.

Aaron Segura '14

Aaron Segura

Major: Political Science

LEEP Project: Solar Life

Description: Our project is based on the thought that sustainable practices and energy sources should be utilized by all. Our objective is to deliver used solar panels to an orphanage in Ethiopia (the Selamta Family Project) in order to cut down overhead energy costs and allow for the orphanage to house more children.

Melat Seyoum '15

Melat Seyoum

Major: Political Science and Geography

LEEP Project: Critical Dialogue Program

Description: The summer 2013 Critical Dialogue Program is a pilot project that challenges the banking concept of education by structuring dialogic environments that nurture a culture of creativity, collaboration and innovation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The program seeks to actively engage and empower youth, by supporting their agency to exercise more control over their education, and by valuing their lived experiences and identities.

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